Same as Kashi and modern Varanasi; it was a well-known pilgrim center of Hindus on the Ganges River east of its junction with Yamuna at Allahabad. Since ancient times, it was known as a center of Brahmanical learning and also for its muslins and other fine clothes. Benaras was plundered by a Ghaznavid invading army in 1034. After Jaichandra Gahadavala was defeated and killed in 1193, Benaras was annexed to the Ghaurid Empire. In the 15th century, Benaras became a center of emerging bhakti cults. Kabir (1457-1492) preached at Benaras.

Historical dictionary of Medieval India. . 2011.

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